Absolute accuracy and flatness of electron pump current plateaux will be investigated The aim of this WP is to validate single-electron current sources by testing the universality, robustness and reproducibility. The robustness of a quantum current standard means that its output current is insensitive to its control parameters and environment over a range that can be realistically controlled. The accuracy is closely related to robustness: when there is a flat plateau, the device is expected to be accurate; however, this needs to be experimentally verified. Tests of the robustness and accuracy of each electron pump. The reproducibility of different pump types at different institutes in different cryogenic environments. Comparisons between electron pumps to test their universality. Coherent guidelines for testing the accuracy of quantum current standards.